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APA Citations (6th ed.): Online Article from the World Wide Web

This citation guide will help you learn how to format and cite your paper in APA style.

What is an online article?

Online Article vs. Database Article

Online articles are articles in scholarly journals or magazines that are freely accessible via the Web. Online articles can be found as articles in online-only journals, or as online versions of articles that appeared in printed journals. They can also be online versions of less formal publications, such as online archives, working paper archives from universities, government agencies, private and public think tanks and institutes and private websites.  

Database articles are online articles accessed through specialized bibliographic databases, mainly available through libraries on a subscription basis, i.e. Academic Search Elite, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO.

Online Article, from a journal on its own website (note URL)

Reference List
Koenigsberg, M. R., Bartlett, D., & Cramer, J. S. (2004). Facilitating treatment adherence with 

     lifestyle changes in diabetes. American Family Physician, 69(2), 309-316. Retrieved 

     from http://www.aafp.org/afp/20040115/309.pdf
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) First citation:
(Koenigsberg, Bartlett, & Cramer, 2004, p. 309)

Subsequent citations:
(Koenigsberg et al., 2004, p. 311)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) First citation:
(Koenigsberg, Bartlett, & Cramer, 2004)

Subsequent citations:
(Koenigsberg et al., 2004)

Online Article, No pagination

Reference List
Fredrickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. 

     Prevention & Treatment, 3(1), Article 0001a. Retrieved from 

     http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/toc-mar07-00.html
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) (Fredrickson, 2000, ΒΆ5)
or
(Fredrickson, 2000, Conclusion section, para 1)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) (Fredrickson, 2000)
or
(Fredrickson, 2000, Conclusion section)