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APA Citations (6th ed.): Books

This citation guide will help you learn how to format and cite your paper in APA style.

Basic Format for Books

Author(s) family name, initial. (Year of publication). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher.

1-2 Authors

Reference List
Jacobs, E., & Spadaro, N. (2003). Leading groups in corrections: Skills and techniques. 

     Lanham, MD: American Correctional Association.
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) (Jacobs & Spadaro, 2003, p. 219)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) (Jacobs & Spadaro, 2003)

3-5 Authors

Reference List
Whitelaw, B., Parent, R. B., & Griffiths, C. T. (2004). Community-based strategic policing 

     in Canada (2nd ed.). Toronto, ON: Thomson Nelson.

Note: this example also shows how to cite a work with a subsequent edition. If revised edition use (Rev. ed.).

Citations in Text (Direct Quote) First citation:

(Whitelaw, Parent, & Griffiths, 2004, p.110)

Subsequent citations:

(Whitelaw et al., 2004, pp. 234-235)

Citations in Text (Paraphrase) First citation:

(Whitelaw, Parent, & Griffiths, 2004)

Subsequent citations:

(Whitelaw et al., 2004)

6-7 Authors

Reference List
Dipiro, J. T., Talbert, R. L., Yee, G. C., Matzke, G. R., Wells, B. G., & Posey, L. M. (2008). 

     Pharmacotherapy. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Medical.
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) First & subsequent citations:
(Dipiro et al., 2008, p.565)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) First & subsequent citations:
(Dipiro et al., 2008)

More than 7 Authors

Reference List
Miers, D., Maguire, M., Goldie, S., Sharpe, K., Hale, C., Netten, A., … Newburn, T. (2001). 

     An exploratory evaluation of restorative justice schemes. London, England: Home Office, 

     Policing and Reducing Crime Unit, Research Development and Statistics Directorate.
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) First & subsequent citations:
(Miers et al., 2001, p. 145)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) First & subsequent citations:
(Miers et al., 2001)

Multivolume Work

Reference List
Koch, S. (Ed.). (1959-1963). Psychology: A study of science (Vols. 1-6). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) (Koch, 1959-1963, Vol. 1, p. 227)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) (Koch, 1959-1963)

Published Conference Proceedings

Reference List
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. 

     In R. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 38. Perspectives on motivation 

     (pp. 237-288). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) (Deci & Ryan, 1991, p. 240)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) (Deci & Ryan, 1991)



Reference List
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). 

     Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.

Note: If there is no author, move the title of the entry into the author position, with information about editions, volumes and page numbers in parenthesis after the title.

Citations in Text (Direct Quote)

(Bergmann, 1993, p. 503)

Citations in Text (Paraphrase) (Bergmann, 1993)


Reference List
Leary, D.L. (1934). Analysis of programs of study of 250 Catholic secondary schools (Doctoral Dissertation). 

     Colorardo State Teachers College, Greeley, Colorado.
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) (Leary, 1934, p.100)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) (Leary, 1934)

No Author or Editor

Reference List
Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) (Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary, 1993, p. 24)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) (Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary, 1993)


Reference List
Fridell, L., & Wycoff, M. A. (Eds.). (2004). Community policing: The past, present and future. 

     Washington, DC: Anne E. Casey Foundation and Police Executive Research Forum.
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) (Fridell & Wycoff, 2004, p. 33)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase) (Fridell & Wycoff, 2004)

Chapter, Essay, or Short Story from Edited Book

Reference List
Baker, F. M., & Lightfoot, O. B. (1993). Psychiatric care of ethnic elders. In A. C. Gaw (Ed.), 

     Culture, ethnicity, and mental illness (pp. 517-552). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Citations in Text (Direct Quote) (Baker & Lightfoot, 1993, p. 525)
Citations in Text (Paraphrase)(Baker & Lightfoot, 1993)