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Chicago Citations (16th ed.): Home

This guide will help you use Chicago style for citations.

Chicago Manual of Style

This guide is based on the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style.

Getting Started!

The Chicago Manual of Style is often used to document sources for papers in the humanities (e.g. history, fine arts, and political science).

The purpose of documentation is to:

  • Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
  • Indicate the authors or sources of these in a Bibliography at the end of your paper.

The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.) recognizes two basic styles of citation. This guide is intended as a guideline for the Notes and Bibliography system only.

Be sure to check with your instructor to find out which citation style you should use for an assignment.

The following sections provide you with information and examples that will help you to cite the sources that you come across during your research.

General Guidelines

Books

Articles

Websites

Audiovisual Media

Images & Art

Other...

The examples in this guide cover frequently used citation forms only. While this guide provides helpful examples, it may not be perfect. For more detailed information refer to The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.). You can also ask your instructor or a librarian.

Writing Help

Having trouble with getting started on your paper? Would you like your paper edited before turning it in?

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Online Citation Creators

WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators. Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.