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Chicago Citations (16th ed.): Home

This guide will help you use Chicago style for citations.

Chicago Manual of Style

This guide is based on the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style.

External Links

Getting Started!

The Chicago Manual of Style is often used to document sources for papers in the humanities (e.g. history, fine arts, and political science).

The purpose of documentation is to:

  • Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
  • Indicate the authors or sources of these in a Bibliography at the end of your paper.

The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.) recognizes two basic styles of citation. This guide is intended as a guideline for the Notes and Bibliography system only.

Be sure to check with your instructor to find out which citation style you should use for an assignment.

The following sections provide you with information and examples that will help you to cite the sources that you come across during your research.

General Guidelines




Audiovisual Media

Images & Art


The examples in this guide cover frequently used citation forms only. While this guide provides helpful examples, it may not be perfect. For more detailed information refer to The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.). You can also ask your instructor or a librarian.

Writing Help

Having trouble with getting started on your paper? Would you like your paper edited before turning it in?

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Free Online Formatting

Double check each citation against the examples in this guide or try or more of the tools with links below!


The HJF Library Staff would like to thank Montana State University Billings for allowing us to use their Chicago Style LibGuide.