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APA Citations (7th ed.): Parenthetical Documentation

This guide will help you learn how to properly cite sources in APA style and how to avoid plagiarism.


Click on the links below or hover over the "Parenthetical Documentation" tab above to toggle between the different formatting pages:

When do I need to cite?

To avoid plagiarism, provide appropriate credit to the source whenever you:

  • Paraphrase the ideas of others
  • Directly quote the words of others
  • Refer to data or data sets
  • Reprint or adapt a table or figure, even images from teh internet that are free or licensed in the Creative Commons
  • Reprint a long text passage or commercially copyrighted test item

Reference List and In-text Citation Examples

Note. The four elements of a reference list entry include the author (in purple), the date (in blue), the title (in yellow), and the source (in green). The in-text citations that correspond to this reference include the last name of the author and year of publication, which match the information in the reference list entry.