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APA Citations (7th ed.): Tables & Figures

This guide will help you learn how to properly cite sources in APA style and how to avoid plagiarism.

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Click on the links below or hover over the "Tables & Figures" tab above to toggle between the different formatting pages:

Tables & Figures

Tables & figures allow authors to present a large amount of information efficiently and to make their data more comprehensible.

Tables usually show numerical values or textual information arranged in an orderly display of columns and rows. A figure may be a chart, graph, photograph, drawing, or any other illustration or nontextual depiction.

Every table & figure should serve a purpose and should not be used for decoration.

When designing tables & figures:

  • Label all columns in tables
  • Label all elements in figure images (e.g., label the axes of a graph)
  • Place items that are to be compared next to each other
  • Place labels next to the elements they are labeling
  • In figure images, use sans serif fonts that are large enough to be read without magnification
  • Design the table or figure so it can be understood on its own
  • Avoid decorative flourishes, which are distracting and can cause confusion