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Chicago Citations (17th ed.)

This guide will help you use Chicago style for citations.

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                             WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators. Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.

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Getting Started!

The Chicago Manual of Style is often used to document sources for papers in the humanities (e.g. history, fine arts, and political science).

The purpose of documentation is to:

  • Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
  • Indicate the authors or sources of these in a Bibliography at the end of your paper.

The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) recognizes two basic styles of citation. This guide is intended as a guideline for the Notes and Bibliography system only. This guide will generally cover how to cite using the following formats for each type of source:

  • Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.
  • Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.
  • Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.

Be sure to check with your instructor to find out which citation style you should use for an assignment.

The following sections in this guide will provide you with information and examples that will help you to cite the sources that you come across during your research. While this guide provides helpful examples, it may not be perfect. For more detailed information refer to The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.). You can also ask your instructor or a librarian.

                            More Helpful Information

Chicago Manual of Style

Turabian Style

Other Citation Manuals

The Chicago Manual of Style will often reference or suggest that researchers use other style manuals when citing large amounts of certain kinds of sources such as scripture or legal works. Below are some of those titles that The Chicago Manual of Style recommends throughout this guide.