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Chicago Citations (17th ed.)

This guide will help you use Chicago style for citations.

Citing Audiovisual Media

Use these links to navigate to the correct section on the page. The page numbers referenced in each section are referencing The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed). so you can look up more information if necessary.

Motion Picture (Video Recording) Online Media                                   

Motion Picture (Video Recording)

From pages 872-873, sect. 14.265.

Note in the example the placing of the original publication year as versus the DVD release year.

General Format 
Full Note:

1. "Scene Title or Number," Title of Motion Picture, directed by Director First Name and/or Initial Surname (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), Format.

Concise Note: 

1. "Scene Title or Number."

Bibliography:

"Scene Title or Number." Title of Motion Picture. Directed by Director First Name and/or Initial Surname. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Format.

Example 
Full Note:

1. "Crop Duster Attack," North by Northwest, directed by Alfred Hitchcock (1959; Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2000), DVD.

Concise Note:

1. "Crop Duster Attack."

Bibliography:

"Crop Duster Attack." North by Northwest. Directed by Alfred Hitchcock. 1959. Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2000. DVD.

Online Media

From pages 873-875, starting with sect. 14.267.

The general rule for multimedia citations is to include as much information as you have available to you. Note in the example the inclusion of original publication information and format as well as the publisher and format the researcher found the item in.

General Format 
Full Note:

1. Author First Name and/or Initial Surname, Multimedia Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), Format, URL.

Concise Note: 

1. Author Surname, Multimedia Title.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initial. Multimedia Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Format, URL

Example
Full Note:

1. A. E. Weed, At the Foot of the Flatiron (American Mutoscope and Biograph Co., 1903), 35 mm film, from Library of Congress, The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906, MPEG video, 2:19 at 15 fps, http://www.loc.gov/item/00694378.

Concise Note:

1. Weed, At the Foot of the Flatiron.

Bibliography:

Weed, A. E. At the Foot of the Flatiron. American Mutoscope and Biograph Co., 1903; 35 mm film. From Library of Congress, The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906. MPEG video, 2:19 at 15 fps. http://www.loc.gov/item/00694378.