This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing sources.
For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.
The following format will be used:
Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.
Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.
Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.
Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).
Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.
Unpublished interviews and personal communications (conversations, emails, letters, etc.) are generally cited in a footnote only; they are rarely included in the bibliography.
1. Interviewee/Email Sender First Name and/or Initial Surname, Interview by Name of Interviewer, Place and Date of Interview.
2. Surname, format.
1. Andrew Macmillan (principal adviser, Investment Center Division, FAO), in discussion with the author, September 1998.
2. Macmillan, discussion.
1. Interview with health care worker, July 31, 2017.
2. Health care worker, interview.
1. Constance Conlon, email message to author, April 17, 2000.
2. Conlon, email message.
1. Zachary Hutchison, Facebook direct message to author, November 13, 2018.
2. Hutchison, Facebook direct message.
1. John Powell to Grapevine mailing list, April 23, 1998, no. 83, http://www.electriceditors.net/grapevine/archives.php.
2. Powell, Grapevine mailing list post.
WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators.
Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.