This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing books.
For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.
The following format will be used:
Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.
Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.
Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.
Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).
Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.
The general format below refers to a book with more than three authors.
If you are dealing with a book that has more than three editors instead of authors, insert the names of the editors into the place where the names of the authors are now, followed by a comma and the word "eds." without the quotation marks (as per the example). The rest of the format remains the same.
Note that in the bibliographic citation, only the first author's name is inverted.
1. Author First Name/Initial Surname et al., Book Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #.
2. Author Surname et al., Book Title, page #.
Author Surname, First Name/Initial, Author First Name/Initial Surname, Author First Name/Initial Surname, and Author First Name/Initial Surname. Book Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.
1. Jeri A. Sechzer et al., eds., Women and Mental Health (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), 243.
2. Sechzer et al., Women and Mental Health, 243.
Sechzer, Jeri A., S. M. Pfaffilin, F. L. Denmark, A. Griffin, and S. J. Blumenthal, eds. Women and Mental Health. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.
WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators.
Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.