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Chicago Citations (17th ed.): A. Motion Picture (Video Recording)

This guide will help you use Chicago style for citations.

About Citing Audiovisual Media

This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing audiovisual media.

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.

Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.

Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

Motion Picture (Video Recording) (p. 872-873)

Note in the example the placing of the original publication year as versus the DVD release year.

General Format 
Full Note:

1. "Scene Title or Number," Title of Motion Picture, directed by Director First Name and/or Initial Surname (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), Format.

Concise Note: 

2. "Scene Title or Number."


"Scene Title or Number." Title of Motion Picture. Directed by Director First Name and/or Initial Surname. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Format.

Full Note:

1. "Crop Duster Attack," North by Northwest, directed by Alfred Hitchcock (1959; Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2000), DVD.

Concise Note:

2. "Crop Duster Attack."


"Crop Duster Attack." North by Northwest. Directed by Alfred Hitchcock. 1959. Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2000. DVD.

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Online Citation Creators

WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators.

Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.