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Chicago Citations (17th ed.): B. Online Multimedia

This guide will help you use Chicago style for citations.

About Citing Audiovisual Media

This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing audiovisual media.

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.

Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.

Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

Online Multimedia (pp. 873-875)

The general rule for multimedia citations is to include as much information as you have available to you. Note in the example the inclusion of original publication information and format as well as the publisher and format the researcher found the item in.

General Format 
Full Note:

1. Author First Name and/or Initial Surname, Multimedia Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), Format, URL.

Concise Note: 

2. Author Surname, Multimedia Title.


Author Surname, First Name or Initial. Multimedia Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Format, URL

Full Note:

1. A. E. Weed, At the Foot of the Flatiron (American Mutoscope and Biograph Co., 1903), 35 mm film, from Library of Congress, The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906, MPEG video, 2:19 at 15 fps,

Concise Note:

2. Weed, At the Foot of the Flatiron.


Weed, A. E. At the Foot of the Flatiron. American Mutoscope and Biograph Co., 1903; 35 mm film. From Library of Congress, The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906. MPEG video, 2:19 at 15 fps.

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Online Citation Creators

WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators.

Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.