This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing articles.
For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.
The following format will be used:
Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.
Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.
Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.
Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).
Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.
Note that page numbers for newspaper articles are generally not included. Note the "edition" information, which may or may not be applicable to your newspaper choice. Many major newspapers publish multiple editions (local / national, morning / evening, etc.). If this information is not relevant to your publication, skip it. Finally, for less well-known newspapers, include the city/state information behind the newspaper title in parenthesis (e.g., Sioux City Journal (Sioux City, IA)).
Much like magazines, if a newspaper article is consulted online, include the URL after the other citation information.
1. Author First Name and/or Initial Surname, "Article Title," Newspaper Title, Publication Date, edition (if applicable).
2. Author Surname, "Article Title."
Author Surname, First Name and/or Initial. "Article Title." Newspaper Title, Publication Date, edition (if applicable).
1. Laurie Goodstein and William Glaberson, "The Well-Marked Roads to Homicidal Rage," New York Times, April 10, 2000, national edition.
2. Goodstein and Glaberson, "The Well-Marked Roads."
Goodstein, Laurie, and William Glaberson. "The Well-Marked Roads to Homicidal Rage." New York Times, April 10, 2000, national edition.
WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators.
Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.