This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing books.
For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.
The following format will be used:
Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.
Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.
Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.
Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).
Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.
Keep in mind that an initial article in a book title (i.e., the, an, a) is ignored when alphabetizing your bibliography.
If a work is specifically attributed to "Anonymous," i.e. that it appears on the title page of the work, "Anonymous" should be credited as an author. If the author is known or there is substantial evidence to whom it might be, the assumed author may be placed in square brackets [Like This], though with only a speculated author, a question mark should be included [Like This?].
1. Book Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #.
2. Book Title, page #.
Book Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.
1. New York Public Library American History Desk Reference (New York: Macmillan, 1997), 87.
2. New York Public Library, 87.
New York Public Library American History Desk Reference. New York: Macmillan, 1997.
WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators.
Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.