This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing articles.
For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.
The following format will be used:
Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.
Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.
Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.
Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).
Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.
If no suitable URL is available, the database may be included if you pulled the article from a database. If no publication date is available, include your access date in that slot. Finally, if you downloaded the article onto the publisher's application, include that information behind the magazine title in parenthesis (e.g., New York Times (Android app)). Page numbers are typically not available in online magazine articles, but if your source has them, include them as you would in a regular magazine citation.
1. Author First Name and/or Initial Surname, "Article Title," Magazine Title, Publication Date, URL.
2. Author Surname, "Article Title."
Author Surname, First Name and/or Initial. "Article Title." Magazine Title, Publication Date, URL.
1. Joseph Boyden, "The Lessons Not Learned from the Gulf Coast Oil Spill: It's Been a Year Since the BP Disaster, and Nobody Has Learned Anything," Macleans, May 2, 2011, https://www.macleans.ca/news/world/spilling-over/.
2. Boyden, "The Lessons Not Learned."
Boyden, Joseph. "The Lessons Not Learned from the Gulf Coast Oil Spill: It's Been a Year Since the BP Disaster, and Nobody Has Learned Anything." Macleans, May 2, 2011. https://www.macleans.ca/news/world/spilling-over/.
WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators.
Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.