This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing works of art.
For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.
The following format will be used:
Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.
Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.
Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.
Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).
Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.
Published photographs are largely cited similarly to a chapter or article with a specific author in a book, especially for books with editors. For photographs existing in museums or as part of a collection, please see here. If the book or periodical includes a figure number, plate number, or the like, include that information after the page number. Else, omit. If the photograph you are citing is on the cover of the book, magazine, or journal you are consulting, note that after the title of the work.
For particularly complex situations, please feel free to visit us at the library for help.
1. Author First Name and/or Initial Surname, "Photograph Title," Date of Creation (if known), photograph, Book or Periodical Title, publication information (following structure for books, journals, or magazines), page number, figure/plate/table/etc number.
2. Author Surname, Photograph Title.
Author Surname, First Name and/or Initial. "Photograph Title." Date of creation (if known). Photograph. Book or Periodical Title. Publication information (following structure for books, journals, or magazines). Page number. Figure/plate/table/etc number.
1. Steve McCurry, Afghan Girl, December 1984, photograph, National Geographic, cover, June 1985.
2. McCurry, Afghan Girl.
McCurry, Steve. Afghan Girl. December 1984. Photograph. National Geographic, cover, June 1985.
WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators.
Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.