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MLA Citations (9th ed.)

This guide will help you format your paper and cite resources according to MLA citation style.

Container Basics

A container is a work that contains another work. (pp. 134-135).

The title of the container is normally italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that comes next describes the container. 

Remember that you can have more than one container! To learn more about nested containers, see the Works Cited Entries tab.

Examples of containers:

Works that are Self-contained

Some works are self-contained, such as a print version of a novel and the original theatrical release of a film. (p. 135)

In these cases, the title of the work is listed in the Title of Source element. The Title of Container element is left blank.


The container may be a book that is a collection of essays, stories, poems, or other kinds of works.

Here is an example:

Bazin, Patrick. "Toward Metareading." The Future of the Book, edited by Geoffrey Nunberg, U of California P, 1996, pp.153-68.

Web Sites

The container may be a web site, which contains articles, postings, and almost any other sort of work. 

Here is an example:

Hollmichel, Stefanie. "The Reading Brain: Differences between Digital and Print." So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013,