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Chicago Citations (17th ed.): D. Scriptural References

This guide will help you use Chicago style for citations.

About Citing Other Sources

This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing sources.

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided. 

The following format will be used:

Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.

Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.

Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

Scriptural References (pp. 861-862)

Scriptural references appear in the notes section only, not the bibliography. The Chicago Manual of Style recommends consulting The SBL Handbook of Style if you anticipate dealing with a large amount of biblical citations for advice and abbreviation aid. The Chicago Manual of Style itself includes a helpful list of abbreviations for the Old Testament, Apocrapha, New Testament, and various versions and sections of the Bible on pp. 596-600.

General Format
Full Note:

1. Name of the Book (in roman and often abbreviated) Chapter:Verse (Version being Cited).

Concise Note:
Same as above, though the version can often be abbreviated after the first citation you use it in.
Full Note:

1. 2 Kings 11:8 (New Revised Standard Version).

Concise Note:
Same as above, but if you used the New Revised Standard Version prior in your paper, your citation of another passage may look like the following:

2. 1 Cor. 6:1-10 (NRSV).

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Online Citation Creators

WARNING: Free online citation creators are not 100% correct. In fact, they are often wrong. It is much easier to write out the citation yourself than use these creators.

Please ask a librarian for assistance if you are having trouble with citations.