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APA Citations (7th ed.)

This guide will help you learn how to properly cite sources in APA style and how to avoid plagiarism.

APA Overview

The American Psychological Association (APA) style is a collection of formatting, citation, and stylistic rules. The APA style is used for writers of research papers, for academic coursework, and for publication.

This guide can help you with the more fundamental tasks including:

1. Formatting Your Paper - how to set up your paper including the margins, font, and your Works Cited list as well as view a sample paper.
2. In-text citations - also known as parenthetical notation - how to cite your references in the text of your paper.
3. Reference List - examples and explanations for citing your sources in the various formats for your References page.
4. Tables & Figures - how to properly format and label tables & figures within and at the end of your research.
5. Avoiding Plagiarism - information on the College's academic honesty policy and Turnitin, an online tool to detect where sources need to be cited.

For more detailed information, consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition. Also feel free to consult a librarian for more help.

REMEMBER:  You are expected to cite your sources IN-TEXT as well as in your Works Cited.

What is a DOI?

A DOI is a digital object identifier – a unique alphanumeric code that gives a persistent link to the web location for an electronic item. DOIs are commonly seen on current electronic journal articles, but are also often included in the print version of the article.

All DOIs should be presented as hyperlinks, as in the example below. Old versions of DOIs should be updated to hyperlinks. If the work is to be published or read online, the hyperlinks should be live.


  • Use a DOI (if assigned to the article) in citing articles whether accessed in the print or electronic form.
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is preferable to a URL when citing an online resource.